Figure 1: A) Transverse, B) Oblique, C) Spiral, D) Comminuted, E) Greenstick, and F) Impacted fracture.
Figure 2: A) Butterfly, B) Longitudinal, C) Segmented, D) Hairline, and E) Avulsion.
Figure 3: A) Boxer’s fracture, B) Bennett’s fractures, C) Parry’s or Monteggia’s fracture, D) Colles’ fractures, and E) Smith’s fractures.
Figure 4: Skull with signs of post-mortem fractures. This photo is from a practical lab session.
Here is a list of all my Quick Tips topics to date on fracture types, click the relevant title to learn about the fractures within the figure. Below each title is a preview of the blog content, so if you’re interested click the link to learn more. This skill is very important when assessing human remains, whether they are in an archaeological, anthropological or forensic context.
In this Quick Tips post I will show you some ways to identify and deduce common fracture types and their key characteristics. The definition of a fracture is a break in the continuity of a bone. There are three major causes of fractures: acute injury (an accident); underlying disease which then weakens the bone making it susceptible to fractures; and repeated stress (as seen in athletes). All fracture types can be placed in two categories; open and closed.
A) Butterfly Fracture: Butterfly fractures usually affect long bones and can be caused by car accidents or by being knocked side on.
B) Longitudinal Fracture: As a transverse fracture is a bone along the horizontal axis, a longitudinal fracture is along the vertical axis.
This blog post will highlight some of the common ‘named’ fractures you will often find in archaeological and anthropological settings. It is important to know their characteristics and common causes to help establish what happened – whether the fracture was received by defensive or offensive action, or purely accidental. This blog post will examine the first five common fractures associated with the hand and forearm bones.
There is a relatively easy way to see whether a fracture to a skeleton is ante, peri or even post mortem. It is essential to detail and deduce which category a fracture falls into, as this is very important to see whether the fracture had played a part in the person’s death.
To first classify a fracture we need to understand what the different categories mean, some of you will already know these terminology but here’s a quick reminder:
- If a fracture is ante-mortem, it means that the fracture was made before death of the persons.
- With peri-mortem fractures, it means that the fracture was received at or near the time of death of the persons – so could have been the fatal strike.
- Post-mortem fractures are fractures that have been received after death, so during the time from death to the time of recovery. These fractures are usually from excavation processes, dismemberment, or even natural processes (soil, animal and plant activity).
Here is a list of blogs, websites, or videos that can help you if you are suffering from anything listed below. If you do not suffer from any of these things listed, but do know someone that does suffer from anything listed, these links may also be helpful. Smile, it looks beautiful on you.
If you know of any website that is not listed that would be of help to anyone, please submit it to us here.
Also, our ask is always open, so click here if you ever feel the need to vent.
In case of an emergency, please call the emergency dispatch center.
- Love Is Respect
- Love Is Respect (Digital Abuse)
- Love Is Respect (Emotional/Verbal Abuse)
- Love Is Respect (Financial Abuse)
- Love Is Respect (Physical Abuse)
- Love Is Respect (Sexual Abuse)
- Love Is Respect (Stalking)
Anxiety Disorder/Panic Attacks
- Half of Us
- Help Guide (Anxiety Attacks & Anxiety Disorder)
- Help Guide (Anxiety Medicine)
- Help Guide (General Anxiety Disorder)
- Help Guide (How to Stop Worrying)
- Help Guide (Obsessive Compulsive Disorder)
- Help Guide (Panic Attacks & Panic Disorder)
- Help Guide (Social Anxiety Disorder & Social Phobia)
- Help Guide (Therapy)
- Tanya Burr’s Blog Post
- Zoe Sugg’s Blog Post
- Zoe Sugg’s Video
- Half of Us
- Help Guide (Bipolar Disorder Medication Guide)
- Help Guide (Self Help)
- Help Guide (Signs and Symptoms)
- Help Guide (Treatment)
- Half of Us
- Help Guide (Dealing with Depression)
- Help Guide (Depression: Signs, Symptoms, Causes & Help)
- Help Guide (Teenage Depression: A Guide for Parents)
- Help Guide (Helping Someone with Depression)
- Help Guide (Older Adults & Elderly)
- Love is Louder
- To Write Love on Her Arms
- Half of Us
- Help Guide (Emotional Eating)
- Help Guide (Binge Eating)
- Help Guide (Bulimia)
- Help Guide (Helping Someone With an Eating Disorder)
- Help Guide (Treatment and Recovery)
- National Eating Disorder Association
Grief & Loss
- Help Guide (Coping with a Breakup or Divorce)
- Help Guide (Coping with Grief & Loss)
- Help Guide (Coping with Pet Loss)
- Help Guide (Supporting a Grieving Person)
- Help Guide (The Five Stages of Grief)
Suicidal Thoughts/Suicide Prevention
- American Foundation for Suicide Prevention
- Befrienders World
- Half of Us
- Help Guide (Dealing with Suicidal Thoughts & Feelings)
- Help Guide (Helping Someone with Bipolar Disorder)
- Help Guide (Suicide Prevention)
- International Association for Suicide Prevention
- National Suicide Prevention Hotline